They are; Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, South America, Antarctica, and Australia & Oceania. Bethany Brookshire was a longtime staff writer at Science News for Students. She has a Ph.D. in physiology and pharmacology and likes to put in writing about neuroscience, biology, climate and more. Geology The examine of Earth’s physical structure and substance, its history and the processes that act on it. Planetary geology is the science of learning the identical issues about other planets.
Parts of Central Asia, including the Gobi Desert in China and Mongolia, are dry year-round. Southeast Asia, however, depends on the annual monsoons, which bring rain and make agriculture potential. In jap Africa, a large despair referred to as the Great Rift Valley runs from the Red Sea to the nation of Mozambique.
The climate of Western Europe, especially across the Mediterranean Sea, makes it one of many world’s leadingtourismdestinations. South America can be residence to the world’s highestwaterfall, Angel Falls, in the nation of Venezuela. The falls are so excessive that many of the water evaporates intomistor is blown away by wind earlier than it reaches the bottom. The Andes, Earth’s longestterrestrialmountain vary, stretch the complete size of South America. These volcanic areas are fueled by heat generated as a big oceanic plate, called the Nazca Plate, grinds beneath the plate carrying South America.
Temperatures in Antarctica, a lot decrease than Arctic temperatures, plunge decrease than -73 degrees Celsius (-100 degrees Fahrenheit). Much of Africa is a high plateau surrounded by slender strips of coastal lowlands. Hilly uplands and mountains rise in some areas of the interior. Glaciers on Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania sit just kilometers from the tropical jungles under. Even although Kilimanjaro isn’t far from the Equator,snowcovers its summit all yr long.
Young mountains—including the Rockies, North America’s largest chain—rise in the West. Some of Earth’s youngest mountains are discovered in the Cascade Range of the U.S. states of Washington, Oregon, and California. Some peaks there began to form only about 1,000,000 years ago—a wink of a watch in Earth’s lengthy history. North America’s older mountain ranges rise close to the East Coast of the United States and Canada. By about 200 million years ago, the forces that helped form Pangaea caused the supercontinent to begin to interrupt aside. The pieces of Pangaea that started to maneuver aside were the beginnings of the continents that we all know at present.